Landlord Responsibilities & Safety Regulations

For landlords, there are specific safety rules and regulations that must be followed when renting out your property. Following these rules and regulations are the responsibility of the landlord. Below you will find detailed information on each regulations which is separated in to four categories: Electrical, Gas, Furnishings and Furniture, and lastly, Building regulations.

The Electrical Equipment Safety Regulations Act 1994

1. All electrical appliances and electrical supply on a property must be in order and safe.
2. Appliances have to be inspected regularly to detect deficiencies.
3. If an unsafe item is identified, it needs to be discarded from the property before marketing the property for rent.
4. As a landlord, it is recommended that you have all electrical appliances inspected on an annual basis and also get a electric supply safety check by a qualified electrical engineer. It is advised to keep records of safety checks and have them available for inspections.
5. All smoke alarms need to be checked on a regular basis to make sure they are fitted and functioning correctly.

Plug and Socket Safety Regulations 1994 per the Consumer Protection Act of 1987

1. All adapters, plugs or sockets that are going to be used domestically have to adhere to current regulations.

Gas Safety Act: Installation and Use Regulations of 1998
1. The law requires a Gas Safe engineer must inspect appliances, pipe work and flues once a year.
2. The dates of inspection must be documented in a gas safety certificate and a copy must be given to tenants when they sign the lease.
3. Open flue appliances are not to be fitted in bedrooms.
Tenants should be given keys to the gas meter box.
4. If a gas appliance is maintained, safety checks have to be completed.
5. Tenants must be given instructions regarding gas appliances.
6. All faulty or improperly installed gas appliances should never be used and removed from the property.
7. All gas appliances need to have proper ventilation.

Furniture and Furnishings Fire Safety Amendment Regulations of 1993
1. All furniture installed in properties to be rented must be compliant with the Fire Safety Amendment.
2. Furniture including beds, mattresses, headboards, cushions, pillows, loose covers, garden and child furniture, as well as similar items must all have labels stating compliance.
3. Furniture that has been upholstered must pass the cigarette resistance test and be fire resistant.
4. All permanent furniture covers have to pass the match resistant test.

These regulations apply to furniture that has been moved to a property after March 1, 1993.

These regulations do not apply to furniture made on or before January 1, 1950, and items such as loose covers, any sort of carpeting, bedclothes cushion covers or sleeping bags.

Building Safety: Regulations Part P, Electric Safety in Dwellings
Per the Landlord and Tenant Laws of 1985, landlords must make sure that electrical installations in properties they own are safe upon the beginning of all tenancy agreements. The landlord must ensure that electrical safety is maintained throughout the tenancy. All electrical installation and work occurring after January 1, 2005 must be completed by government approved contractors. It is the contractor’s responsibility to comply with the British Standard Safety Requirements. Not complying with these laws is a criminal offense and can lead to imprisonment and fines.

Landlord Responsibilities:

1. Qualified and approved engineers must be used.
2. Frayed wiring, damaged plugs and sockets have to be fixed per the Plugs and Sockets Act of 1994.
3. A competent person must inspect all appliances prior to tenancy and at least once every ten years.
4. A residual current device should protect every socket outlets that are used for outdoor equipment.
5. Keep all records and copies of certificates and receipts of electrical work and safety test.